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What do librarians do?

871 views   |   Last updated on May 26, 2016    information literacy librarians


Most of the staff that you encounter in the library are not librarians.  The helpful library staff and student aids provide the check-out services, shelve the materials, process new materials and monitor behavior.

Librarians have a master's degree in Library Science (MLS) or Library and Information Science (MLIS).  In academic libraries most librarians also have additional graduate degrees to support the many degree and career programs on campus. 

Faculty librarians, among other duties, help students at the reference desk and teach information literacy sessions.  Information literacy is:

  • Locating information (research on Internet, article databases, library materials, government information and archival information)
  • Evaluating information (choosing the best sources for the situation and need)
  • Using information (citing sources, avoiding plagiarism, copyright and ethical use of information)
  • Information technology and media - Because information involves many technologies, librarians are usually very tech savvy and help students and faculty with applications and devices.

Librarians also manage the library (Library Manager) services and staff, and maintain and organize the library collection and services.